Multifunctional Textile Using Chitosan, Clay, and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

Document Type : Original Article


1 textile engieering department mansoura uniersity

2 associat prof mansoura university

3 textile research division , national research center, Dokki, Cairo Egypt


Textile fabrics present a promising platform for functionalization due to their integral advantages like adaptability, high surface area, and performance. This work studies the utilization of natural biopolymers and inorganic nanoparticles for surface modification and coating of textile fabrics to provide treated fabrics with multi-functional properties such as antimicrobial, UV blocking, stain repellent, and flame-retardant properties. This work focuses specifically on the use of chitosan as a natural biopolymer, with three different nanoparticles, namely clay, zinc oxide (ZnO), and titanium dioxide (TiO2) composites, used as coating agents. This study investigates the multi advantages added via chitosan, due to its biocompatibility, biodegradability, nontoxicity, and intrinsic antimicrobial activity. Moreover, it explores the synergistic effect of combining chitosan with nanoparticles, demonstrating enhanced functionalities like improved mechanical stability, flame retardancy, broad spectrum antimicrobial activity, self-cleaning facilities, and UV protection. The study also studies into various coating techniques like dip coating, padding, layer-by-layer assembly, and ultrasonic irradiation, emphasizing their efficacy in achieving sustainable functional chitosan-clay, chitosan-ZnO, and chitosan TiO2 coatings on textiles. Finally, nanoparticle concentrations are studied in detail to determine the optimum conditions recommended for developing next-generation textiles with multi-optimistic functions based on green, natural materials and accessible fabrication processes


Main Subjects

Volume 67, Issue 13 - Serial Number 13
In Loving Memory of Late Professor Doctor ””Mohamed Refaat Hussein Mahran””
December 2024
Pages 121-140
  • Receive Date: 26 December 2023
  • Revise Date: 16 January 2024
  • Accept Date: 05 February 2024