Application of Carbon Dioxide Laser Irradiation in Engraving Polyester and Cotton-Based Textiles

Document Type : Original Article


1 textile and clothing department, women's college for Arts, Science and Education, Ain shams university. Cairo, Egypt

2 Faculty of Women for Arts, Science and Education, Ain Shams University, 1 Ahmed Tayseer St., Heliopolis, 11566, Cairo, Egypt


Laser technology is one of the most important modern technologies in the field of industry, which achieves the concept of sustainability, economic, and accurate technology. It is considered one of cleanest industrial methods especially in the field of clothing and textile industry.

This research uses Carbon Dioxide laser (CO2) as the most common using in clothing applications which applied by using engraving technique on fabrics surface were produced using 3 different types of fibers (100% cotton, 74%cotton/25%polyester/1%lycra, and 100% polyester). The CO2 laser parameters used was power (20, 40 & 60 w), speed (300,400 & 500 mm/s) and step (0.1, 0.2, 0.3 & 0.5 mm).

In this paper, the effect of engraving parameters on three different fabrics were investigated to determine the optimum parameters to apply them. Therefore, the impacts of these parameters selected on crease recovery, tensile strength, tearing strength properties, color change and surface morphology on these fabrics were investigated.

The low laser power and high-speed parameters was the best results applied on engraving the research fabrics. The rate of yellowing and change in color increases as the speed decreases. On the other hand, the variable steps of laser were also applied to reach the best application of laboratory tests to engraving fabric surface.


Main Subjects

Volume 66, Issue 13 - Serial Number 13
Special Issue: Applied Chemistry for Greener Life and Sustainability
December 2023
Pages 1081-1091
  • Receive Date: 28 March 2023
  • Revise Date: 13 April 2023
  • Accept Date: 11 May 2023