Assessment of Pollution by Heavy Metals over Landforms of Selected Areas in the Nile Valley and Desert Fringes

Document Type : Original Article


1 Soils and Water Use Dept., National Research Centre, Giza, 12622, Egypt

2 Soil Science Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Cairo, 11241, Egypt


The high concentricity of heavy metals is noxious to soils, plants, and humans. The aim of this study is to investigate the distribution of heavy metals (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Pb, Ni, Cd, and Cr) in the landforms of the El-Saff area, Egypt. Satellite images were used to produce the landform map, digital elevation model (DEM), and field data. Collected soil samples were analyzed, the obtained data were used to create the spatial distribution layers of heavy metals. Data indicated that the main landforms in the study area are the flood plain, piedmont, and valleys which covered 19.57, 45.43, and 8.27 % of the study area respectively. The data also showed that the concentrations of Mn, Pb, Cu, and Ni were high in the flood plain while Zn and Cd concentrations were higher in the desert fringes (i.e., piedmont and valleys). The assessment of heavy metals reveals that most of the elements are under the critical leaves in the studied landforms. The higher contaminations are associated with cultivated areas irrigated by sewage water.


Main Subjects

Volume 65, Issue 13 - Serial Number 13
Special Issue: Chemistry and Global Challenges
December 2022
  • Receive Date: 11 April 2022
  • Revise Date: 26 April 2022
  • Accept Date: 08 May 2022
  • First Publish Date: 08 May 2022