A Competent, Humble Cost Catalyst from Biowaste: High Performance and Combustion Characteristics of Alternative Diesel Fuel

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Cuurent address: chemical engineering department, Canal Higher Institute of Engineering and Technology. Old adress:chemical engineering department, the higher institute of engineering, el-shorouk city.

2 chemical engineering department, the higher institute of engineering, el shorouk city

3 chemical engineering department, the higher institute of engineering, shorouk city

4 Mechanical Engineering Department, Engineering Research Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt.

5 chemical engineering department suez unvirsity

Abstract

This current work displays experimental results obtained from assessing the methyl esters from the local waste cooking oil as an alternative fuel for diesel engines using a heterogeneous catalyst based on agricultural waste. The performance of the diesel engines and their exhaust emissions have been experimentally investigated using the produced biodiesel from waste cooking oil as a blend with fossil fuel (B10, B15, and B20) compared to the diesel.

The reusability of the catalyst confirmed a high conversion efficiency after 8 cycles of the production. The highest conversion efficiency of the converting waste cooking oil extended to 90.38% with 92.5% maximum mass yield and methyl ester content of 97.7% wt. at the optimized conditions. According to the results, the effective blend for thermal efficiency and specific fuel usage is B15. Also, all emission concentrations decrease with increasing the engine load, especially for B15 fuels compared to diesel oil.

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Volume 65, Issue 13 - Serial Number 13
Special Issue: Chemistry and Global Challenges
December 2022
  • Receive Date: 22 January 2022
  • Revise Date: 05 March 2022
  • Accept Date: 27 April 2022
  • First Publish Date: 27 April 2022