Impact of Green Coffee Extract on Body Weight and Physiological Indicators of Metabolic State in Obese Male Rats

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University(Girls), Cairo, Egypt

2 Department of Food and Nutrition, Faculty of Human Sciences and Design, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

3 Department of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract

Obesity poses a significant health danger. The effects of green coffee extract (GCE) and turbo slim blue (TSB) on decreasing the body weight (BW) and their impact on various physiological indicators of metabolic state in obese rats were investigated in this study. Twenty-one male rats weighing 320-360 g were distributed into three groups. Rats were treated with the following for 4 weeks: distilled water (control), GCE (10 mg/kg), and TSB (10 mg/kg). All measurements are percent (%) BW changes, pancreatic function markers (insulin, glucose, HOMA-IR), protein, and lipid indicators. Thyroid hormones, leptin, testosterone, liver, and renal function markers were also measured. Relative to the control group, GCE-treated rats significantly reduced the % of the change in BW, glucose, HOMA-IR, and leptin. GCE significantly increases T3 and T4. In addition, GCE-treated rats showed decreased serum lipids and increased serum testosterone levels. Biomarkers of protein metabolism, liver, and kidney function were unaffected by GCE. In contrast to GCE, the loss of BW induced by TSB is associated with a significant rise in liver and kidney function, which is a marker of toxicity. Therefore, GCE can be considered as a harmless and effective additional therapy to reduce BW.

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Volume 65, Issue 8 - Serial Number 8
August 2022
Pages 715-723
  • Receive Date: 15 March 2022
  • Revise Date: 28 March 2022
  • Accept Date: 31 March 2022
  • First Publish Date: 31 March 2022