Document Type : Original Article
Department Conservation of Archaeology. Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, EGYPT.
Center of researches and conservation of antiquities
Historical textiles in museums or historic houses are exposed to insect attacks, resulting in loss of parts and chemical change of these textiles. There are many ways of resisting insects in museums and historic houses. Many of these methods are very harmful to the health of the conservators and harmful to historical textiles. This research presents the use of a new method and safe materials such as clove oil and camphor oil in the control of insects that affect historical textiles. Therefore, the new silk textiles were dyed with natural dyes such as madder dye and turmeric dye mordent with alum, cupper, and iron. The dyed silk fabrics are processing in a way similar to the historical textiles. The clove oil and camphor oil have been applied and studied for their efficiency in the control of insects. The effect of using cloves oil and eucalyptus oil on the mechanical, optical and chemical properties of silk fabrics studied by using SEM, FTIR, CIE Lab, digital microscope image, and UV image. Very interesting results were obtained and this method and these materials were suitable for historical textiles conservation.