Document Type : Review Articles
National Research Centre
NRC, Textile research division, proteinic and Man-made fibres departments
Nanotechnology has been ongoing for more than two decades, and it is a scientific sector that deals with materials in the range of 1nm to 100 nm. It is used in a multitude of sectors, including medicine, energy, aerospace, mechanics, electronics, textiles, optics, and plastics.
In the textile industry, nanotechnology is described as the study, exploitation, and control of materials at a specified length to enhance chemical, biological and physical features of materials. Thus, producing materials, tools, architectures, and systems of high – grade. Nanotechnology is utilized for functionalizing textile materials, as it possesses a lot of distinct properties that allow it to be employed in the manufacturing of innovative and smarter textiles with a variety of functions.
Nanoparticles such as silver, gold, zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, copper oxide, gallium dioxide silica and noanoclay can be imparting textiles desired properties such as fire retardant, antimicrobial activities, ultraviolet protection, self-cleaning, dirt repellency, water repellency, and several physical and mechanical properties. This state of art focuses on the potential applications of nanoparticles on synthetic fibers.