Performance of Nanocomposite Polysulfone-Polyaniline Substrates for Enhanced Thin Film Membranes

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Chemistry Dept., Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt

2 Egypt Desalination Research Center, of Excellence, Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt

3 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Arts, Al-Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia

4 Chemical warfare administration, Egyptian Ministry of Defense, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract

Membranes fouling and their degradation using free chlorine are the most common challenges in the desalination process. A blend nano-composite polysulfone /polyaniline were prepared as a substrate for the active polyamide layer. In this work, nano polyaniline emeraldine salt was prepared using a simple chemical oxidative polymerization method. It was added to the polysulfone (PS) substrate layer in the presence of sodium lauryl sulfate as a hydrophilic agent to enhance reverse osmosis properties of the thin film composite membrane. Unmodified and modified polyaniline nano-particles membranes were characterized using XRD, EDX, FT-IR, SEM, particle size distribution and contact angle. The membranes performance was evaluated in terms of water flux and salt rejection using a cross-flow filtration unit. The results showed that the nano-composite membrane had much better water permeability (66 L/m²/h) compared to the control membrane (57 L/m² /h) without significant change in the percentage of salt rejection. The resistance of membranes to bio-fouling and chlorine degradation was evaluated using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as fouling model and sodium hypochlorite, respectively. The modified membrane was more resistant to bio-fouling and chlorine attack because of the strong electrostatic repulsion between poly-aniline PANI and BSA. The prepared polysulfone -polyaniline nano-composite substrate has been enhanced the performance of thin film composite as a reverse osmosis membrane.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Volume 65, Issue 10
October 2022
Pages 543-550
  • Receive Date: 28 January 2021
  • Revise Date: 21 February 2021
  • Accept Date: 23 January 2022
  • First Publish Date: 23 January 2022