Document Type : Original Article
Textile Printing, Dyeing and Finishing Department, Faculty of Applied Arts, Benha University, Benha, Egypt
National Research Centre (NRC), Textile Research Industrial Division (TRID), Pre-treatment and Finishing of Cellulose based Fibers Department (PFCFD), El-Behouth St. (former El-Tahrir str.), Dokki, P.O. 12622, Giza, Egypt
National Research Centre (Scopus affiliation ID 60014618), Textile Industries Research Division, Pre-treatment, and Finishing of Cellulose-based Textiles Department, 33 El-Behouth St. (former El-Tahrir str.), Dokki, P.O. 12622, Giza, Egypt
Thickeners are high molecular weight polymers used to impart viscosity and plasticity to the printing paste. Thickeners play an essential role in any printing process. Their main purpose is to hold dyestuffs, chemicals, and other printing auxiliaries to the fabrics during the method of printing. The goodness of the resulting print depends on the chemical and physical properties of the thickeners applied. The depth, the brightness of the colours, and particularly the sharpness and smoothness of the print are influenced or even determined by them.