Petrogenesis of chemical compositional trends within a mafic dyke at Wadi Lethi, Southern Sinai, Egypt.

Document Type : Original Article


Geological Sciences dep., National Research Centre


Systematic mineralogical chemical compositional variations across a mafic dyke at the Wadi Lethi area, in southern Sinai, are observed. This dyke extrudes the Neoproterozoic Younger Granite of southern Sinai. New petrographic, geochemical data, and mineral chemistry data are applied to predict the evolution scheme of this dyke. The collected samples vary in composition from (outward zone) basalt to (inward zone) andesite. The studied samples exhibit a wide uniform variation in main oxides and trace elements content and display a significant inward chemical variation. The studied samples are mainly identified into basalt, trachy-andesite, basaltic andesite, and andesite. The geochemical characters reveal that the investigated dyke originated from calc-alkaline magma under orogenic tectonic setting. Mineral chemistry data reveals that the studied dyke formed at water pressure ranges from 1-3 kbr and low oxygen fugacity conditions. The fractional crystallization process is assumed to have prevailed during the extrusion of the investigated dyke.


Main Subjects

Volume 65, Issue 2 - Serial Number 2
February 2022
Pages 459-469
  • Receive Date: 02 August 2021
  • Revise Date: 23 August 2021
  • Accept Date: 25 August 2021
  • First Publish Date: 25 August 2021