Presenting Shape Memory Polymers SMP and some Reinforcement materials for gaps filling in Archaeological Bones

Document Type : Original Article


1 MA student in Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

2 Textile Research Division, National Research Center (Affiliation ID: 60014618), Dokki, Cairo, Egypt

3 Conservation Department, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

4 Packaging Materials Department, National Research Centre, 33 El-Bohouth St. (formerly El-Tahrir St.), Dokki, P.O.12622, Giza, Egypt.


Mummies and bones are potentially materials since they retain the memories of the ancients and revealed the degree of their greatness. Bones are organic materials that include proteins like collagen, minerals including calcium hydroxyapatite, as well as other substances. By assisting with other factors (physical or chemical), the essence of bone allows microorganisms as well as insects to assault it. The aspects that can be formed as a result of this degradation process are known as holes. Gaps are also a challenging task for bone artifacts, especially in the excavation area. This current article review focused on the factors that create holes. In addition to the survey about the shape memory polymers aerogels (SMPA) and reinforcement materials which can be utilized to adapt to the old bones, as well as improvement materials to render certain old reinforced polymers provide shape memory behavior. The examination and investigation analysis tools which could be utilized for evaluating the treated bones with certain shape memory polymers aerogels were also addressed in the article review.


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