Graphene’s Structure, Synthesis, and Characterization; a brief review

Document Type : Review Articles


1 Cellulose and Paper Department, National Research Centre, 33, El-Bohouth Str., P.O. 12622, Dokki, Giza, Egypt

2 Spectroscopy Department, Physics Division, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth Str., P.O. 12622, Dokki Giza, Egypt


In 2004, Andrei Geim and Kostya Novoselov used a simple technique to separate graphene layer from graphite. They were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010. After this, the publications of graphene have been increasing year after year and have emerged as the most popular topic in the research field which indicates the importance of graphene research. Due to unique properties of graphene, it can be considered as promising material for various applications in the fields of physics, chemistry, material science and engineering, and biology. Consequently, this review will focus on using of biomass and other wastes as precursor material for graphene preparation. We hope it could be of any help to people who are interested in this field. The future outlook of graphene is also considered.


Main Subjects