Influence of pest infestation, type of packages and different storage periods on seeds and essential oil composition of Coriander, Coriandrum sativum L. Family: Apiaceae

Document Type : Original Article


1 Plant Protection Research Institute, Dokki, Giza

2 Agricultural Research Center , Plant Protection Research Institute ,Stored Product Pest Department, Dokki,

3 National Research Centre


Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) is a very popular medicinal plant that belongs to Apiaceae, which is widely used as a spice and also in pharmacy and industry of food. Coriandrum sativum cultivated for the seeds (fruits) which contains essential oil, fatty acids, coumarins, polyphenols, and flavonoids. Nowadays, the fruits exhibit internally carminative, spasmolytic, and galactagogic effects in many disorders. The current article focuses on coriander oil as affected by plant injures with pre & post-harvest insects, storage and packing. Experiments were conducted at Qalubiya and Menoufia governorates as well as the laboratories of Plant Protection Research Institute, Dokki, Giza. The obtained results indicated that along April and May months there were high infestation with aphid stages at the two governorates in semi fresh coriander, November month recorded the highest infestation of the examined stored insects on coriander dry seed, while the lowest numbers were recorded at July, September & October months occupied intermediate status, moreover, Cigarette beetle recorded the highest numbers, while Almond moth recorded the least numbers. November month recorded the highest losses in coriander seed weights, while the lowest losses were recorded at July month, from storage periods quality and constituents of essential oil, germination of seeds and yield affected with insect infestation, packing at different type of packages.