Synthesis and Characterization of Feldspar Aluminosilicate Minerals/MCM-48 Composite, Micropore and Mesopore Framework

Document Type : Original Article


1 Doctoral Program of Chemistry, Graduate School University, University of Hasanuddin, South Sulawesi-Indonesia

2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, University of Technology Sulawesi, Makassar City, South Sulawesi-Indonesia

3 Department of Chemistry, Faculty Mathematics and Natural Science, University, University of Hasanuddin, South Sulawesi-Indonesia

4 Division of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia

5 Research Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia


Natural micromaterials including micro and mesoporous minerals are essential components of sophisticated material cycles and are well known for the biocompatibility and renewability. Meanwhile, feldspar is a rock-forming aluminosilicate mineral that contains alkali metals and is very abundant in nature. The MCM-48 mesoporous material with its 3D pore structure has been widely used in various applications, especially as adsorbents. However, its less hydrothermal nature limits optimal use, consequently, a method such as the combination with micropore feldspar into the mesopore framework is needed to overcome this limitation. Therefore, this study aims to synthesize feldspar mineral composites with MCM-48 by growing the layer on a crystal core using the hydrothermal method for 24 hours at 110C and calcination for 5 hours at 550C. The feldspar minerals and aluminosilicate composites formed were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, and BET. The pore size distribution using DFT method shows a wide mesoporous distribution centered on 23-27Å (from MCM-48) and the presence of low peaks between 6-9Å, thereby indicating a pore distribution identical to the microporous pores of feldspar. The results showed that the MCM-48 modified feldspar composite has been integrated into a single functional unit with new improved physical and chemical properties. Therefore, this composite has the potential to be developed into new materials for multilevel adsorption systems to increase the effectiveness of adsorbents in wastewater containing multi-metals.


Main Subjects

Volume 65, Issue 13 - Serial Number 13
Special Issue: Chemistry and Global Challenges
December 2022
  • Receive Date: 25 January 2022
  • Revise Date: 19 April 2022
  • Accept Date: 21 May 2022
  • First Publish Date: 21 May 2022