Larvicidal And Repellent Potential Of Patchouli Extract (Pogostemon Cablin) Varieties Of Southeast Sulawesi For Aedes Aegypti Vector

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Medical Laboratory Technology

2 Health Polytechnic of Kendari

3 Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Halu Oleo, Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia,


The development of resistance to chemical insecticides has become a problem in vector control. This demands the need for research and development of environmentally friendly methods for vector control of Aedes aegypti. The efficacy of Pogostemon cablin extract as a repellent for adult mosquitoes is an alternative. Repellent can reduce exposure to mosquito bites that may be infected with the dengue virus. To conduct phytochemical testing and content analysis of essential oil of Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) varieties of Southeast Sulawesi. Research samples were the leaves and stems of the patchouli plant (Pogostemon cablin) of the Southeast Sulawesi variety. This research uses the Harbone method of phytochemical testing and essential oil distillation. The results of the phytochemical test of patchouli leaves (Pogostemon cablin) of Southeast Sulawesi varieties were alkaloids, flavonoids, triterpenoids, polyphenols and terpenoids, while patchouli stems contained alkaloids, triterpenoids, tannins, polyphenols and terpenoids. The test results for the essential oil content of the patchouli leaves identified eugenol, patchouli alcohol, linalool and a-pinene. The leaves and stems of patchouli plant have potential as larvicides and repellents for the vector of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Aedes aegypti.


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