Spectral Evaluation Studies on Titanium Dioxide Nano-Particles and Their Add-mixtures on Textile Fabrics


Saher F. Ibrahim*, Dalia. M. Essa  and Eman M. Osman
National Institute for Standards, Tersa st. Elharam, Giza, Egypt.
THIS article aims to study the effect of the treatment of different textile fabrics: wool, polyester, and blend wool/polyester with nano-titanium dioxide. Where, nano-TIO2 used in the valid and safe concentrations range in accordance with many environmental legislations, in water dispersions matrices containing poly ethylene glycol (PEG) as a wetting agent and hydroxyl ethyl cellulose (HEC) as a thickening agent. FTIR spectral analysis, the UV-blocking performance, anti-bacterial activity, conductance measurement, electron spin resonance and air permeability were the techniques for characterization. The results obtained showed excellent anti-ultraviolet performance and improved antibacterial activity. The results of electrical characteristics verified a reduction percentage in the ohmic resistance of the treated fabrics indicating fabrics with improved electrical character. Also, the ESR results confirmed more surface activation of the modified fabrics. These modified fabrics with improved UV protection properties, antibacterial activity and electrical characteristics may referred so as called cosmetic and smart textiles.


Volume 59, Issue 6 - Serial Number 6
December 2016
Pages 1069-1093
  • Receive Date: 15 December 2016
  • Revise Date: 26 December 2016
  • Accept Date: 27 December 2016
  • First Publish Date: 30 December 2016