Structural, Optical, and Shielding Studies of Some Sb Glasses based Egyptian nano-Rock Wool

Document Type : Original Article


1 1 Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University (Girls Branch), Nasr City, Cairo 11884, Egypt. 2 Housing and Building National Research Center, 87 El-Tahrir St., Dokki, Giza 1770, Egypt.

2 Associate professor of radiation and nuclear Physics

3 Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef 62514, Egypt. Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Islamic University of Madinah, P. O. Box: 170, AlMadinah Almonawara 42351, Saudi Arabia

4 Assistant Professor of Solid State Physics- Al-Azhar University

5 Physics Division, Faculty of Science, El-azhar University, Nasr city, P.O. 11751 Cairo, Egypt


By the melt quenching process, glass samples with the mol% composition [45 Na2CO3 30 B2O3 25 nano-Rock wool x Sb2O3, 0 ≤x ≤ 8] were produced. X-ray diffraction (XRD), density, molar volume, and infrared spectroscopy were used to analyze the structure of the produced samples. To examine the prepared glasses by UV–visible spectral distributions the samples were measured between 250 and 850 nm. Allowable indirect transitions were discovered using optical absorption data. The energy values of Urbach (Eu) range from 0.35 to 0.24 eV were obtained from prepared samples. It was found that Sb2O3 concentration affects all optical characteristics. Using WinXCom software, the mass attenuation coefficient, μm, was calculated for the energy range of 0.01 MeV to 20 MeV. The effective atomic numbers, (Zeff), half value layers, (HVL), and mean free path, (MFP) were calculated using the mass attenuation coefficients. The macroscopic effective elimination cross-section for fast neutron (∑R) values was also determined. According to the findings, the investigated glasses were found suitable and promising for optical fiber, optoelectronics, and radiation shielding.


Main Subjects

Volume 65, Issue 13 - Serial Number 13
Special Issue: Chemistry and Global Challenges
December 2022
  • Receive Date: 24 August 2022
  • Revise Date: 04 September 2022
  • Accept Date: 05 September 2022
  • First Publish Date: 05 September 2022